Last year, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) released its final recommendation statement on screening for obstructive sleep apnea in asymptomatic patients 18 years or older. 

Consistent with its statement in 2017, USPSTF concluded that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for obstructive sleep apnea in adults. 

What the task force found

When determining new guidance for screening, the task force looked at the evidence because it can negatively affect people’s health. The negative health consequences has been tied to heart disease and stroke, among other health conditions. 

But, unfortunately, there is not enough evidence to determine if screening all adults for sleep apnea actually will improve health and quality of life. 

It’s up to your discretion

One thing that the USPSTF wanted to clarify with this statement is that they are not taking a firm stance one way or another. They are not for or against screening and clinicians should continue to use their own clinical judgment to determine if screening is appropriate for their individual patients. 

This will continue to be a topic of conversation for some time, so don’t get discouraged and continue to use your professional experience to determine the best course of action for your patients. 

It is also important to note that this recommendation does not apply to individuals who present with symptoms or concerns about obstructive sleep apnea or for those who have been referred for evaluation or treatment and for those who have acute conditions that could trigger the onset of sleep apnea.