June is National Aphasia Awareness Month

The month of June is National Aphasia Awareness Month. This means, as dental sleep medicine specialists, we need to make sure our patients are staying on top of their health by treating sleep apnea and other symptoms in prevention of stroke. As you know, stroke is the number five cause of death and the leading cause of disability in the U.S. And a stroke can have a variety of communication effects, one of which is aphasia. Stroke is the most common cause of aphasia, which is a language disorder that affects the ability to communicate.

Raise Awareness for Aphasia

Let’s use June to help increase public education around this language disorder and to recognize the numerous people who are currently living with or caring for people with aphasia. The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association continues to increase awareness for aphasia by sharing communication tips, the effects of having aphasia, assistive devices for those with aphasia and more.

The Connection with Sleep Apnea

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for men and women. But what you may not realize is that sleep apnea can lead to heart attacks, which can cause people to die in the middle of the night due to low oxygen or the stress of waking up frequently during sleep.

The relationship between sleep apnea, hypertension, stroke and heart disease is very strong. It is vital that everyone understand this connection to further prevent the development of aphasia as well. Sleep apnea can be easily treated to prevent stroke, aphasia and other comorbidities. It is more important than ever to receive continuing education to further improve your patients’ well-being and health.

When patients receive up-to-date health care, you are taking preventative steps, but we still have a ways to go. Start today by educating your patients on the risks of untreated sleep apnea, stroke and aphasia.

Watch Out for Sleep Apnea with New Hypertension Guideline

Since the new hypertension guideline from the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association was released in November 2017, the way physicians diagnose and treat high blood pressure has changed. And with the new guideline comes a section on sleep apnea. Have you seen this new guideline yet?  

What does the guideline say?

The new guideline lowers the blood pressure cutoff for a hypertension diagnosis from 140/90 mm Hg to 130/80 mm Hg. And instead of using the term prehypertension, they recommend using stage 1 hypertension for levels of 130 to 139 mm Hg systolic or 80 to 89 mm Hg diastolic pressure and 120 to 129 mm Hg systolic and diastolic of less than 80 as “elevated.”

For obstructive sleep apnea, it is a risk factor for several cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, coronary and cerebrovascular diseases. Studies have shown that the presence of OSA is associated with an increased risk of hypertension. It has also been hypothesized that treatment for sleep apnea will have more pronounced effects on BP reduction in resistant hypertension.

What does this mean for dentists?

This means we need to be extra cautious of our patients. Now that the level for hypertension has lowered, we need to pay attention to how that affects sleep apnea and vice versa. The guideline also recommends CPAP therapy as an effective form of treatment for improving sleep apnea, but studies that have been conducted showed that its effects on BP were only small.

Through the guideline, we can accept that CPAP therapy is an option, but what about oral appliance therapy? With the number of individuals with hypertension now at almost 50 percent, we need to pay closer attention to OSA and how it affects hypertension and high blood pressure.

Talk to your patients, include information on the health questionnaire and provide educational materials so that you can continue to provide your patients with the care they need and deserve. On top of that continue to complete advanced education to remain up-to-date with important information.